Highs and lows: Possible effects of different hormones
Different hormones and their levels can have different effects on your well being. Here are some examples, of how hormones can mess with your emotions:
The relaxing hormone: Progesterone(Corpus-Luteum Hormone)
Progesterone, the yellow body hormone, is responsible for mood swings before menstruation. When metabolized, the hormone has a calming effect on the organism. If this mechanism is disturbed for any reason, the calming effect of the corpus luteum hormone, is also absent. Women then often suffer from depression and other unpleasant moods. The absence of progesterone can have fatal consequences even during puberty. It is a phenomenon that after the onset of puberty, between the ages of 12 and 18, young girls are often particularly sensitive. Anxiety states, panic attacks, phobias, but also eating disorders occur two to three times more frequently in these times than in young boys. This mental vulnerability can at least partly be attributed to the hormonal situation and the (still developing) sexual maturity. Puberty often leads to menstruation, but not always to ovulation. Then the progesterone responsible for the corpus luteum phase is missing and its absence can be partly responsible for the fact that women also get these problems after puberty.
The energy hormone: Estrogen
For other women, it is decreasing estrogen levels, that play a decisive role in the development of moodiness. Some women who go through menopause report that everything is fine, they lead a pleasant life and have a nice home - but are still depressed. The cause of these conditions can be a drop in estrogen levels. The estrogen has a strong stimulating effect on the mood and is energizing. If there is a lack of estrogen, which like progesterone is produced in the female ovaries, there is a corresponding lack of this stimulating “motor”.
The power hormone: Testosterone
The most important male sex hormone, testosterone, also plays a significant role for women and their mood. A lack of the power hormone, which is essentially responsible for our libido, can lead to frustration and bad mood. Women who take the pill are particularly often affected by a testosterone deficiency. Otherwise, testosterone decreases continuously in women over the age of 60 or 65, and in some cases even around the age of 40. The lowering of the testosterone level can lead to a decrease in libido, which ultimately also affects the psyche, mood and well-being. In women, testosterone is produced in the ovaries or adrenal glands.
The relationship hormone: Oxytocin
Oxytocin is for example released during sexual intercourse and helps to establish a bond between the sex partners. This bond is in the interest of reproduction. A deficiency of oxytocin is difficult to detect, as it is very short-lived, but the lack of oxytocin can cause various mental disorders. In contrast to progesterone, estrogen and testosterone, oxytocin, which also plays an important role in breastfeeding, is produced in the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland, the hypothalamus.